Uttarakhand at a Glance
1. Name : Uttarakhand (former Uttaranchal)
2. State : 27th state of India
3. Birth of State : 9 November 2000
4. Area : 53,484 Sq. KM
5. Forest Area : 34,434 Sq. KM
6. Capital : Dehradun
7. Boundaries : National - Uttarpradesh & Himanchal Pradesh
International - Tibet, Nepal.
8. State Wild Animal : Moschus Chrysogaster (Kasturi Mrag, Musk Deer)
9. State Bird : Lophoorus Impejanus (Monal)
10. State Tree : Rhododendron Arboreum (Buransh)
11. State Flower : Saussurea Obvallata (Brahmkamal)
12. Census (year 2001) : 84, 79,562 (Male – 43, 16,401 & Female – 41, 63, 161)
13. District : 13
14. Division : 02 (Kumaon & Garhwal)
15. High Court : Nainital
16. Main Income Sources : Forest Resource, Water Resource, Herbs, Tourism Industry, Minerals,
17. Tahsil : Fifty – One
18. Developed Units : Ninety Five
19. Panchayat of Urban : Two (Champawat, Lohaghat)
20. Panchayat of Rural : 283
21. Legislating Panchayat : 24
22. Main Rivers : Bhagirathi, Alakhnanda (Ganga), Mandakani, Pinder, Tons, Yamuna,
Bhilangna, Nayar, Ramganga, Kali, Saryu, Panar, Ladhia, Ratia, Querala
and Lohawati, Etc.
23. Main Fruits : Sugar Cane Orange, Malta, Lime, Apple, Peas, Banana, almond,
24. Main Crops : Rice, Wheat, Madua,
25. Folk Dances & songs : Bhanaula, Chholia, Chapeli, Chanchari, Jhumailo, Jhoda, Chonphala,
Rajula - Malooshahi, Rasaun, Tandi, Jagar, Bhadgeet, Pandavgatha etc.
26. Historical / Tourist Spots : Nainital, Mussoorie, Pauri, Almora, Ranikhet, Khirsoo, Champawat, Auli,
Lohaghat, Dayara Buggyal, Badini Buggyal, Bhilangana Valley,Lansdowne,
Valley of Flower, Lakhamandal, Patal Bhuwaneshwar, Gangolihat,
Katarmal Surya Mandir.
27. Main Pilgrimage Spots : Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Panch Kedar,
Panch Badri, Panch Prayag, HemKund Sahib, Nanakmatta Sahib, Kaliyar -
Shareef, Chitai Temple, Meetha – Reetha Sahib,Purnagiri Temple, Tungnath
Temple, Adi Badri Temple,
Important STD Telephone Code Numbers for the Tourist
District ::: STD Code No.
Almora : 05962
Bageshwar : 05963
Champawat : 05965
Dehradun : 0135
Gopeshwar : 01372
Haridwar : 0133
Nainital : 05942
Narendra Nagar : 01378
Pauri : 01368
Pithoragarh : 05964
Rudraprayag : 01364
US Nagar : 05944
Uttarkashi : 01374
City : STD Code
Almora : 05962
Badrinath : 01381
Barkot : 013752
Bhatwari : 013744
Bhimtal : 05942
Bhowali : 05942
Chamba : 01376
Dhanaulti : 098370
Devprayag : 01378
Dehradun : 0135
Dharasu : 013713
Gangotri : 013772
Gauchar : 01372
Gaurikund : 01364
Guptkashi : 01364
Haldwani : 05946
Joshimath : 01389
Kanatal : 01376
Karnprayag : 01372
Kasauni : 05964
Maneri : 0137483
Mussoorie : 013563
Nainbag : 013767
Nainital : 05942
Nandprayag : 01372
Netala : 01374
Nowgaon : 013752
Pauri : 01368
Pipalkoti : 01372
Pithoragarh : 05964
Phata : 01364
Ramnagar : 05947
Ranachatti : 01375
Ranikhet : 05966
Rudraprayag : 01364
Sayanchatii : 01375
Srinagar : 01388
Ukhimath : 01364
Uttarkashi : 01374
Importent While you are at Uttarakhand :
The following information applies to all visitors entering India through the international airports.
What travel documents do i need ?
On arrival in India you must produce a valid national passport of other document satifactorily establishing your identity and nationality. Indian visa from the indian consulate in your country.
Do i need on international certificate of vaccination ?
Yes, yellow fever vaccinations would be required if you’re coming from infected of endemic areas.
How much money can i bring ?
You may bring in as much money as you wish. there is no restricton on the amount of traveler’s cheques changed.
Where can i get a taxi ?
You will find taxi near railway stations, bus stands and at all good hotels. Scooter rickshaws are also converniently available.
What is the voltage ?
The standard voltage through out the country is 220 volts.
Do i need a special driving license ?
A valid internation driving license is necessary if you wish to drive a car or motorbike in India.
When are the important national holidays ?
January 26th : Republic day
August 15th : Independence day
October 02nd : Gandhi Jayanti
What to wear ?
Light cotton if you’re here from august to November.
Light to heavy wollens in December and January.
For women it is advisable to be a little conservatively dressed. Long shirts and jeans or dresses are practical and comfortable. Men can wear trousers/jeans and shorts of the Indian kurta/pyjama.
Places of stay
Kumaon or kurmanchal is place of historical importance with many orchitectural grandeurs. A mountainous regio stretching from low hills near tarai to the highest peaks of the main Himalayas. There are historical evidences which depict human civilization in the region from very early times.
Kumaon now consists of Nainital, Almora and pthoragarh with its divisional headquarters at Nainital.
Kumaon has many ottractions for tourist of all classes. It has the historical ancient Temple with archaseological importance, unending scenic beauty, lakes and rivers fro fishing. The cultural image of this place can he witnessed in its fairs and festivals. It has ample scope for trekking and outdoor adventures. The division has now many industries like HMT, sugar, electronics, filber, iron and steel, paper, magnesite bricks etc.
Places of stay
Nainital is one of the tri rishi-sarovars, and the name is based on the goddess naina to whom there is Temple on the bank of the lake mini England, Nainital provides all the facilities, of amusement and recreation, which a tourist requires.
Nainital provides five star facility hotels, tourist bungalows, places for outdoor-trekking, swimming, yatching, boating, horse, riding, skating, sports and games, clubs etc. it can provide year round activities to suit the different taste of the tourists coming from many attraction with its beauty spots like end, laria kanta etc for short distance public schools, mostly English medium for cinema halls. The other places of tourist importance are as follows.
Established by the famous saint neem karoli baba, it has a huge idol of hamuman and images of other Hindu gods.
State observatory-(4.5 km)
One can see the miracles of the sky and space from the obser-vatory in the evening on fixed days.
Khurpa tal-(10 Kms)
It is a health resort on the Almora kathgodam road it has a huge govt. sanatorium. One can buy many varieties of fruits in the local market.
It is the largest lake in Nainital district, having a small island at the centre. The lake provides many varieties of fish. It has torust bungalows, and many small scale factories around bhimtal.
Naukuchiya Tal-(26 Kms)
The nine cornered lake is another ottraction for the tourists, along with its pleasant surrounding, forests, flora etc, accommodation in provate lodges and tourist rest houses is available.
Sat – Tal (21 Kms)
It is a place ofr tourist resort. The lake is connected with interlinked seven lakes with beautiful surrounding s. tourist rest house and private log hut are available.
Nearest railway station kathgodwn is now directily linked with Delhi, Rampur and Lucknow by broad-guage railway line haldwani is the main trading centre of Kumaon, many small seale biggest town of kumaon.
Mukteswar (51 Kms)
At a height of 2286 Mts mukteswar is surrounded by fruit archardss. One can observe wide range of snwo clad mountains from here. It has the famous Indian veterinary research institute and the Mahadeva Temple.
Pantnagar Agriculture University (70 Kms)
It is the first agricultural university of India which has played a leading role in the green revolution and solving food problem of India bow the university in named as G.B. Pant University of agriculture and technology pantnagar.
It has griculture, veterinary, engineering, home science, basic science and girsheries colleges, several hostels, agricultural and livestock for good market and a small aerodrome. Near by is the centre of tarai seed development corp. which is the major supplier of high yielding varieties of agri. Seed in India it is linked by air and rail along with al round weather roads.
Ramgarh (26 Kms)
It is the major apple producing place of kumaon. There are many very well developed archards in ramgarh.
Kaladhungi –(35 Kms)
It is known for the famouns hunter Jim Corbett. It is at the fppthill, with thick forest of different variety in the surrounding. Now the jimcorbett house is serving as a museum. It is on the way from Nainital to Delhi at distance of near 35 Kms from Nainital.
Corbett National Park-(66 Kms)
Named after the famous hunter jim-corbett, the park is about 115 Kms from Nainital via Ramnagar, which is 66 Kms from the main centre of attraction and accommodation is dhikala, some 49 Kms from ramnagar. This national park is spread over part of Nainital and pauri garhwal district. It provides many variety of animals, birds etc. one can easily observe tigers, elephants, and other animals from the specially erected’machans’. It has the kalagarh dam lake by the side of the park, which adds to tee beauty of the park. Facility of stay at dhikala, bijrani, sultan and sarpduli can be obtained from the games warden, ramnagar.
General information about Nainital
Altitude : 1938 Mts
Area : 11.73 k.m.
Temperature summer : Max. 28₀c
Winter : Max. 13₀c
Rainfall : 270 cms average
Distance from Nearby Cities
Delhi : 322 Kms.
Bareilly : 141 Kms.
Lucknow : 401 Kms.
Ranikhet : 60 Kms.
Almora : 60 Kms
Nearest Railway Station:
Kathgodam - 35 Kms.
Places of stay
District Almora, the oldest district of Kumaon, is usually defined as the holy regin, vividly as a land of divine beauty, peace and also as the abode of’siddhas,’’gandharvas,’ and apsaras.’
Almora is surrounded by its neighbouring district of pithoragarh, Nainital and also by paurigarhwal and chamoli districts of garhwal region. The whole district comprises panoramic view of the Himalayas, pine and deodar forests, fruits gardens and places of historical and archaeological importance. Stretching from the low hills, with its beautiful river valleys, to towering snowcald peaks of the main Himalayan range, kumaon times. The prehistorical rock paintings at lakhu of this fact. Besides the reckpainting, old grafves and cup mark rocks reflect the cultural heritage fo ancient times.
The whole district is well known for tis cultural heritage, which can be seen in fairs and festivals of this district, held throughout the year at different places.
Historical evidences show that this region was previously reigned by the kunindas during 500 BC to 600 AD, followed by katyuri dynasty around 7th to 12 th century after wards its rulers were chandas, who ruled this area upto the end of the 18th century. This region was ruled by the gorkhas for about 25 years followed by Britishers, who ruled till the independence of India in 1947.
Almora offers many attractions for tourists, historians, and all people with its vivid unending scenic beauty, exquisitely carved Temple and old monuments, pilgrim centres and there is vast scope of outdoor trekking, sport and adventure.
A saddle-shaped 5 k.m. long ridge of kashyap hills, the town Almora facs the gigantic trisul, nandaDevi, nadkot and other snow peaked Himalayas. Almora, populerlay known as the town of Temples is the ancient headquarters of chanda dynasty. The idea of shifting the capital from champawat to Almora, was fivenby king champawat to Almora, was fiven by king bhisma Chandra, byt it was balo kalyanchand who materlized the idea in 1560 from that time it remained the capital of cahanda dynasty till they were defeated by the gorkhas in the last years of the 18th century. The Britishers took the possession of this area form the gorkhas in 1815 and it became the headquarters of kumaon and garhwal, with mr. trail as its first commissioner. Almora has maintained its old traditional heritage even to day, which can be seen in its old carved house, flagstoned streets, and stone slate covered roofs.
Among the Temple, udyotchan-deshwar now popularly known as nandaDevi Temple along with another shiv tmepls Parbateshwar, lakshmeshwar, ashtabhairavas, nav-durga Temple, raghunath, badrinath, tripurasundari, khagmara and ratneshwar are quite popular nandaDevi pair is celebrated for about three-four days in the month of september which attracts a large number of village folk with their traditional songs and dances.
The chand fort is now used as the district office, where an old Temple ramshila also exists.
Museum (0 Kms)
Almora town has now many attractions like G.B. pant museum, which contains many precious articles of archaeological importance of the katyuri and chanda dynasty.
Deer park (3 Kms)
About 3 Kms Form the main town, there is a dear park, with a house of leopards also.
Bright end corner(1 Kms)
At the south end of the town the bright end corner attracts the tourist for its beautiful sunset and sunrise. Nearby there is the all India radion station.
An ideal picnic spot with panoramic view of snowclaad Himalayas.
Kalimath and kasarDevi (6 Kms)
At a distance of 5 Kms kalimath is also a picnic spot with a full view from Almora town and hawalbageh valley. Nearby at a hilltop is the famous historical Temple, kasarDevi. It is a place of pilgrimage as a well as historical site. It is a beautiful spot to observe the panaromc view of the Himalayas, Almora town and valley of hawalbagh. There is a rock inscription of 6the century A.D.
Khagmara ( 2 km)
About 2km from bazaar, khagmara has its historical importance. Before chandas came to establish their capital one katyuri raja has a fort here, which was known as khagmara kot, chanda also remained there for some time. But now there is only one Temple, which has been renovated form time to time.
Deolidanada (3 Kms)
About 3 Kms fro Almora town there is a greyhill with pine forest which has a Devi Temple. This place is also a good picnic spot with a fine view of sual river valley and the Himalayas.
Vivekananda shila (1 Kms)
Below the deolidanda hill is the vivekanand shila, where swami vivekanand one rested, while approaching Almora on foot the place has now a tinshade with benches for the tourist it is place of solitude and peace.
Chital Temple (6 Kms)
At a distance of 6 Kms from Almora, chitai Temple is the most important for the people of Almora district. The Temple is dedicated to local Devta Golju who fulfills the desire of the people. It is also the highest court for appeal against tyranny. One can see hundreds of court stamp papers hanging on the walls, pasted by those by those who could not get right judgement. One can also see hundreds of bells hanging around the Temple, which marks the fulfillment of their desires.
General information about Almora
Area 11.73 Kms
Altitude 1648 Mts.
Rainfall 828 mm
Temperature 30 Digree Centigrade (summar) 0.4 Digree Centigrade (winter)
Tourist seasons March to June, Sept. to Oct.
Kathgodam 90 Kms
Delhi 380 Kms
Nainital 65 Kms
Nearest railway station:
Kathgodam 90 Kms Road cum rail booking facility is available at bus station Almora for Lucknow, Agra, and Barrielly.
Pantnagar 127 Kms
Places of stay
Almora is famous for its wollen tweed and woolen shawels, thulma, pankhi etc. the copper –brass water-filters and show pieces are also famous. The’bal –mithai’ prepared with local khoya is also a famous sweet’mithai’ of Almora.
It is a common saying that Almora is guarded by three goddesses Temple viz. kasarDevi, banariDevi and shyali Devi on the north, east and western sides respectively. The cantonment area is situated on the south side. BanariDevi Temple is one of the sacred Temples of Almora and its sun-areas. This place also gives a gigantic view of the Himalayas nearby are many apple and fruit orchard at jalna and lamgarah. It is about 25 Kms From Almora by road but only 7 Kms bridle path. In the like apples. Appricots, peaches, plums etc. are available.
Sitalakhet and shyali Devi
Sitalakhet is also a beautiful picnic spot, having a commanding view of the Himalayas. It is the summer – camp headquarther of bharat scouts. The nearby forest area vegetates many verbal medicinal plants and there are also fruit archards.
Once famous for its tea –garden hawalabagh now has the regional gram vikas sansthan, which imparts training to planning personals. In hawalbagh there is an agricultural research farm of the indaian council of agriculture research, which produces siuitable varities of different ceral and vegitable seeds suited fro the hills. Nearby is the matela water works, from where water is supplied to Almora town. There is one vegetable farm of the horticulture department also. an agricultural research unit of the ministry of defence is situated here.
At a distance of about 17 Kms from Almora, is the famous sun Temple, generally said to be the second sun Temple after kanark, built in the eleventh century by the then katyuri rajas, it is one of the best Temple in respect of architecture of that period. Many of its idols,although broken, have the finest carving on stone. The main gote of this Temple is now at national museum at delhi, where as the main statue of god baraditya, has been stolen. It is also a beautiful picnic spot having clear view of Almora town and the Himalayas just below the katarnal village, institute of Himalayan ecology is going to be established where buildings are coming up. It is the only institute in the northern india, which is working in all aspects of ecology.
Situated at a height of 2116 ft… gananath is at a distance of 27 Kms from Almora. it is also a historical place having a siva Temple with many idols of archaeological importance, along with a beautiful cave. on kartik purnima a fair is held annually along with traditional songs and dances. The place is away from the main roads, gives calm and peace to visitors. forest rest house is avilabe to stay.
Some 39 Kms from Almora, someswar valley is famous for its rice and potatoes. Its has an old shiva Temple with fine pieces of sculpture. It was constructed during chand dynasty. A fair is held here on sivaratri (feb- march).
Just 2 Kms ached on route to kausani there is chaoda ashram, where handmade woolen garments, pullovers and others winter wears are produced in large quantity. This ashram was established on the suggession of mahatma Gandhi who visited the place in 1929.
One of the countrywide famous places of Almora is kausani a paradise for the tourist, some 51 Kms from Almora at a height of 1890 Mts. it is a health resort with immense scenic beauty of nature. Mahatma Gandhi visited this place in 1929 and completed his’anashaktiyog’ and wrote the introduction of this book at kausani. After leaving Almora he wrote at one place he said “….. after having been nearly three weeks in Almora hills, I am more than ever amazed why our people need go to Europe in search of health”.
Nearly 350 Kms range of gigantic Himalaya snow covered peaks can be seen from this place. One can not forget the sun-rise from this place in clear weather. And the sun-set which shows the multi coloured reflection on the snow peaks, is unforgettable. Whatever may be the choice, taste of an individual, the memories of kausani give an everlasting impression.
Kausani is the birth place of the renouned hindi poet pt. sumitrananadan pant, who spent his childhood here. The district board dakbunglow, where gandhiji staued, has neen converted into anashakti ashram with a museum on fandhiji life. There is some facility of stay in the ashram also.
Kausani is connected by all weather road, with all cities of india. In summer light woolen and cotton is needed, where as havy woolen is required in winter.
Places of stay
About 18 Kms from Kausani and 71 Kms from Almora, is the historical place baijnath, which started civilization and agricultural activity since kunindas ruled this area. Afterwards is became the capital of katyuris, who ruled kumaon and garhwal for a long time. On the bank of gomti, the town was then popularly known as kartikepur, and valley is so popular as katyur.
The township still hides within its folds a glorious history, which can be seen in the cluster of Temples and old houses. It remainds us of the katyuri art and architecture that was born here. A number of Temples, many ruined, have exquisitively carved stones along with images of lord shiva, parvati, ganesh etc. there are other idols of kuber, brahma, mahishasur mardani, chandrika etc with beautiful cavings on stone. The Temple of baijnath dating nack 12th and 13tj century, has immense material or the historians and archaeologists. The clusterof Temple on the bank of gomati gives a pleasant site and attracts large numer of tourist both from india and abroad. The 5 ft. high image of goddess parvati is mater oiece of katyuri culture.
Many soatues and sculptures are now preserved in a museum near the Temple under the control of archaeology deptt. Govt. of india. about 1 Kms From the Temple is the old talli-hat, which was established by the katyuri kings, has much important material for the archeologists.
Just 3 Kms up on the ridge, is the famous kot-brahmari Temple, where an annual fair is held in aug-sep.(on nandastami)
At bajnath there is diversion for gwaldom, which goes to district chamoli, the other route goes to bageshwar – which is en route to pindari Glacier.
At a distance of 40 Kms from kausani and 90 Kms from almrora bageshwar is a beautiful valley, situated on the confluence of river gomati and saryu. it has religious as well as historical importance. There is an old Temple of lord bagnath having many precious images and inscriptions of archeological importance. It is also important for the tourist as it is en route to pindari Glacier.
Bageshwar is also famous for its annual uttrayani fair,where a variety of woolen goods is sold. once it was the biggest trade center for woolen goods, animal skin, etc…., copper, raw iron, articles made by the local artisans are also available. The ringal made matting are also popular.
As trekking for pindari starts from this place, high altitude trekking equipments are available at tourist bungalow bageshwar.
Trekking to Pindari, Kafni and Sunderdhunga Glacier
The world famous pindari Glacier, at a height of 1200 ft. attracts a large number of tourist s from india and abroad.in the same area there are tow more Glaciers kafri and sunderdhunga, which are also paradise for the trekkers. The details and routes of the three Glaciers are as below.
Form Bageshwar there is a motorable road upto song via bharari, although in good season, one can reach upto loharkhet by jeep, as the road is under construction. There is a 4 bed tourist rest house at loharkhet, many more can stay there, if they have their sleeping bags etc. Almora to Bharari is 111 Kms by road.
Next comes Khati, at a distance of about 10 Kms Along with a tourist rest house. Khati village has many ihabitants. From Khati the next place is Dwali, at a distance of 10 Kms with TRH to stay. From dwali the last rest camp is phurkia at a height of 10,700 ft. with staying facility at tourist rest house.
From phurkia the distance upto the pindari sight is near 5 Kms tourist are advised to take the journey early in the morning to observe the beauty of Glacier and the surrounding snow peaks like nandkot, nanda ghunti etc. they can come back to phurkia for hight halt.
On the return journey form dwali there is a diversion for kafni Glacier which is nearly 12 Kms from dwali. One can come back to dwali afer enjoying the kafni Glacier, as there is no place to stay and fooding etc.
For sunderdhaunga one has to come to khati. Form khati the route to sunderdhunga is via jaitulla, which is about 8 Kms from jaitulla to kathaliyais about 6 Kms and one can comeback to kathalia in the evening after observing the Glacier and the peaks from sunderdhunga. There is no place to stay on this route and one has to make his own arrangement for tentage-fooding etc. the main peaks in this region are maiktoli Glacier, nandakhat, sukhram etc.
Once the summer capital of chand rulers of Almora, binsar gets its name from the exquisitely Temple dedicated to lord bineswar. the Temple was constructed by the chand raja kalian Chandra. Amidst dense forest, binsar is famous for its fauna and flora, with beautiful rhododendrons and oak trees. If one has patience and luck wild animals, like anther, tiger can be seen near the ponds etc.
Binsar is famous for its jhandi-dhar form where one can see the wide range of uncluttered and unclouded panoramic view of the Himalayas. And if one has a guide. He can indicate to one many place of Almora, Nainital and pithoragarh.
Binsar is attractive, peaceful and full of soltitude. For people with senasitive mind and creative hearts, binsar can prove a boon.
Binsar is 34 Kms from Almora. No regular bus service is available, but one can go upto kafarkhan by bus and then a smooth trekking to binsar, private taxi and package tours are available from Almora. There is a tourist rest house having a capacity of 40 beads. there are some private lodges and a forest rest house also. Binsar requires woolens even in summer,as is 2412 Mts Catering service is also available in the tourist rest house.
On the Almora –binsar road near dinapani there is a place popularly known as’pariyadeva-pashan’ where there is long stone with cup-marks. According to historians these stone cup-marks are of megalithic age and have much historical value.
About 34 Kms away on the eastern side of Almora, is the famous place Jageshwar. counted among the twelve jyotirlingas in valley, with thick and mega monarch-sized old deodars. This is the reason that the area is popularly known as darokban.
Jageshwar has a cluster of ancient Temple of archaeological importance which are said to be built during different periods by the kings and other. age old Temple of Jageshwar, mrityunjaya, navagrahas and the sun Temple are among popular Temples. There are many broken images, which received damage at the hands of muhamadan invaders, as it happened to other images and idols of the Temple in kumaon. The carvings on Temple their doors, pillars display three phases of architectural activity in Kumaon, and also and testify the skill of creftmen under the katyuri and chand rulers. Many of the mater piece image are now kept in store within the compound.
There is a forest rest house and a tourist rest house having a 30 bed accommodation, both twin and dormitories.
Viriddha - Jageshwar
A3 Kms upward bridle path leads to vriddha-jageshwar. This place is also as sacred and important as Jageshwar. It is said to be the abode of lord shiva, earlier to his manifestation of himself at Jageshwar. vriddha-jageshwar is a beautiful site for the Himalaya lovers, with a 300 Kms panoramic view of snow peaks, it is a fine place for the film –makers.
While coming back from Jageshwar by motor road, just one Kms ahead is the lofty-tower type isolated Temple of lord dandeshwar (shiva ).
On way to Jageshwar or back from there, about 12Kms from Almora there is a palce called lakhu-udiyar, famous for pre-historic pock –paintings, which is of much importance for the historians and research-scholars. On a huge rocks there are paining which.
Ranikhet – about 45 Kms from Almora and 83 Kms from the nearest railhead kathgodown, ranikhet is a town with greenery of pine and deodar trees. In raal sense it is one of the beautiful hill stations of northern india. Unhindered by high mountains, the entire chain of snow peaks give a sense of a vivid painting on convas.
The name’ranikhet’ has a story of the past. Popular legend holds that a queen, while moving in hills, stopped at ranikhet. She was so much enchanted by the beauty of the place, that she decided to settle down there. Since then, it is called rani-ka –khet or the field of the queen. How far this is true, is unknown, but the beauty and the climate of this place still attracts a large number of tourists from outside.
It is a very well developed town under the management of cantonment boared. All the bungalows by mall road and in other areas are connected by motorable roads. The mall itself speaks its beauty with thick pine and deodar trees along with beautiful flowers. To a tourist, ranikhet has much to offer through-out the year. even it snow fall attracts large gathering while walking through the mall road one can see the panoramic view of the Himalayas.There are many place worthseeing in ranikhet.
It has a very big orchard of apples and many other variesties of fruits. it has a research centre also. There are more than hundred fifty varieties of apples in the chaubatia garden. the snow peaks can be well observed from there. The full view of Almora town can also be seen from this place. There are some shops also, the whole area is under army administration. It is at a distance of about 9 Kms from ranikhet.
In between mall road and cahubatia, there is the famous Temple of’jhula Devi’ and also a ram Temple.
Upat and kalika
6 Kms from ranikhet on way to Almora is the famous upat golf course, considered to be biggest golf-course in northern india, having nine holes. The surrounding is thick pine forest, with fine view of snow peaks on the back 0graound. there is folf-club house also.
This place with its immense beauty is frequently used by the film –making persons for shooting Indian films.
Neareby is the famous kalika Temple which attracts large number of devotees. There is a forest research nursery also.
On way to Almora, at about 13 Kms from ranikhet is majkhali,, from where one can observe the gigantic panoramic view of the Himalayas. there is one grass nursery and a soil conservation training centre also. Birlas have opened a girls’ school here.
The newaly built Temple of baba herakhan attracts a large nember of Indian as well as foreign tourists every day. At a distance of about 5 Kms From ranikhet, the mixed architecture of india can number of foreigners also stay there. It is a good picnic spot, with a fine view of the Himalayan peaks. There is a birla vidya mandir public school also.
While approaching chilyanaula, there is a cooperative drug factory, which manufactures ayurvedic medicine based on the herbs available in the kumaon region.
About 35 Kms from ranikhet, dwarahat is an important historical place and a beauty spot. Dwarahat has a number of old Temple with archaelogical importance. the dwaj Temple and maniyan series are one of the finest pieces of contemporary architectural heritage of kumaon. these are supposed to have been built by the katyuris. The cluster of Temple can be calssified in eight groups. It is also a place in solitude, with snow peaks in the background. Now it has an engineering college, a polytechnic, a degree college and the block headquarters. Dwarahat has a small bazar, having facility of banks, post office, hotel and restaurant. it has a PWD inspection house alos. A large fair is held on every vaishakhi day, which is commonly music and dance can be seen on the accasion along with a local exhibition.
About 17 Kms from dwarahat or 52 Kms from ranikhet, there is a shakti =pith believed to be constructed in 12th century. Of course now the bilding has been modified. It gives a panoramic view of the Himalayas almong with a govt. orchard with a variety of local fruits like apples and apricots etc. it has many private fruit gardens also.
7 Kms form dunagiri. Caves of the Mahabharata time are scattered in an area of 4 Kms it provi-des a good trekking area. It is also on ideal place for meditation.
About 19 Kms ahead of dwarachat is the valley of ganai with its main stream as ram ganga. The ramganga irrigation scheme at cahukhutiya to khikiyasain a unique example of irrigation works in hill susing gradient, pumps and hydrum systems, which irrigates a huge area both sides of the river ramgana, from cahukhutiya to bhikiyasain. This facility has given a grat boost to agricultural production in that area. from cahukhutiya one can go to district chamoli via gairsain and karnpryag.
It is alos a good picnic place and a beauty spot of ranikhet area, with a clear view of the Himalayas and the valley of ramganga. It can be reached either from ramnagar or from bhikiasen side which is in the valley of ramganga. There is a forest rest house to stay.
About 19 Kms from ranikhet, amidst dense pine forest is the Temple of binsar Mahadeva. it is also a good picnic as well as religious spot.
Other places and importance in Ranikhet
There is much in ranikhet to be see and enjoyed by the visitors, being the headquarter of kumaun regiment it has a war memorial at deolikhet, about 1 Kms from the main town, which carries the names of soliders who gave their lives in different wars.
There is an army museum, which has many old weapons and mementoes of the heros of the regiment.
There is a war-widows’ training cum production centre which produces ladies shawls and other woolens, which are very popular. Near by is the Temple mankameswar.
There are shopping centre at mall road, sadar bazaar, khari bazaar and jaruri bazaar.
General information about
Altitude 1829 m.
Rainfall 127 cm.
Area 21. 00 sq. Kms
Temperature : Max. Summer - 32Digree Centigrade
Min. Winter - 3 Digree Centigrade
Distance from :
Nearest railway station :
Kathgodam - 85 Kms
Nearest airport :
Pantnagar - 120 Kms
Places of stay
Ranikhet is well connected by all weather poads with other cities of Uttara and india. the nearest air strip is at pantnagar, 120 Kms from ranikhet. Nainital is about 59 Kms and Almora near by 45 Kms kausani is 62 Kms ramnagar is 90 Kms away from ramnagar one can go to Corbett National Park, famous for tigers, elephant, different kind of dears, birds, which can be seen from specially built machan
In the remote north-east of Almora is the third district of kumaon, which was once a tahsil of Almora district, till 1960. pithoragarh provides all the nature has, with its high mountains, valley, river etc. the district headquarter is a beautiful valley, 8 Kms in length and 5 Kms in breadth, it has many historical forts, Temples etc. since the days of chand rajas of kumaon. The people of the place are famous for their bravery and courage, which is clear form the fact that almost every house of the district has atleast one person in the Indian army.
There are beauty spots near the town of pithoragarh like cahndak, thal kedar, dhwaj, where we find a range of snow peaks and mountain and Temple for the religious people.
Lohaghat (62 Kms)
It is the sub- divisional headqurther, surrounded by pine and deodar forest. Tourist bungalow and PWD dak bunglow provide accommodation.
It is about 3 Kms from Lohaghat, with clear snow views and pruit gardens, along with beautiful bungalows.
At a distance of about 15 Kms uphill, there is an ashram established by ram Krishna mission. Swami vivekanand also stayed there. It is a place of peace and calm.
At a distance of 76 Kms from pithoragarh, there is cahmpawat. It was once the capital of cahnd kingdom. The historical fort rajbunga and baleswar Temple have many historical and archaeological material. It is on the middle of Tanakpur and pithoragarh. There are other Temple like nagnath, ghatotakachha, hidamba etc.
62 Kms from lohaghat it is a sikh-pilgrimage center, with a gurudwara, where tourist can stay with permission from the gurudwara authorities.
At a distance of 45 Kms from lohaghat, there is a Temple famous as barahi Devi Temple. It is also an important place for the historians. The famous’bagwal’ fair takes place here every year on raksha – bandhan.
77 Kms from Pithoragarh, it is famous for its’kali Temple’. during nav-ratries a fair is held every year. it is one of the most respected Temple of Kumaon, where large number of pilgrims visit the place for puja.
About 10 Kms from Gangolihat there is a famous cave which provide ample material on archaeological importance along with natural idols and images within the cave.
Famous for its tea –garden, it is abot 102 Kms fro pithoragarh. Near- by is another tea garden, chaukori, which produces high quality tea. The snow view form berinag and chakori is worth seeing. A PWD inspection house l, at berinag and a tourist bungalow of chakori provide accommodation for tourist.
Only at a distance of 20 Kms from Tanakpur, the railway head, shamlatal has a natural lake. At its back is the swami vivekanand ashram, where one gets accommodation with permission from the awshram authorities. it is also a place o f meditation and peace.
Just about 25 Kms from Tanakpur, it is a famous place of pilgrimage. during the cahitra –navratris, lakhas of people form all over U.P. and also form toher states visit the shrine for puja. There is 7 Kms trekking to reach the high top. Accommodation at Tanakpur tourist bungalow and in hotel is available.
It is a distance of about 154 Kms from pithoragarh. One has to trek 54 Kms from nunsiyari to reach the Glacier one has to make one, own arrangements for tents and food.
Kailash mansarovar yatra
The yatra is conducted by kumaon vikas nigam, only in a year in batches. The bus route terminates at tawaghat, from where one has to trek through the valley of kali. There are lilgrims camps at narayan ashram, sirkha, budi,gunji, there is diversion to kuti valley which leads to the village kuti. For kailash mansarovar, the pilgrims approach taklakot en route to tiliet for the above pilgrimage.
General information about Pithoragarh
Rainfall 1400 mm.
Temperature 26 Digree Centigrade Max.
Climate 14.5 Digree Centigrade Min.
Season April –June and Sep-Oct.
Kathgodam 207 Kms
Delhi 505 Kms
Nainital 188 Kms
Barreilly 268 Kms
Nearest railway station: Tanakpur 152 Kms and Kathgod 207 Kms
Nearest airport: Naini-Saini 3 Kms
Places of stay
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